Photo-illustration: Pixabay (AJS1)

You’ve probably heard quite a few times already that we can’t really boast of having a careful attitude towards energy consumption because energy consumption in our country is several times higher than in the European Union countries. The Law on Energy Efficiency and Rational Use of Energy prescribes an energy management system as one of the ways to save energy.

Energy management system and its entities

The subjects of the energy management system are the Government, the Ministry, the obligors of the energy management system, energy managers and energy advisors.

Following the provisions of this law, it is the Government that, following the line Ministry’s proposal, enacts regulations in the field of energy and rational use of energy. At the same time, system obligors execute them to facilitate the rational use of energy with the least possible costs. Obligors of the energy management system are companies and public enterprises whose main activity is production, retail/wholesale or service, provided they have annual energy consumption greater than the amount prescribed by the Government. In addition to them, local self-governments, and municipalities with more than 20,000 inhabitants, as well as state administration bodies and other bodies and organizations founded by the Republic of Serbia, then bodies and organizations of autonomous provinces and organizations for mandatory social insurance, are also liable.


The energy management system obligors have to monitor and analyze all aspects of their energy consumption and keep records of it. They must establish energy efficiency goals for their operations and submit an Annual Report on their results to the Ministry. Furthermore, they must appoint an energy manager who reports to the Ministry.

An energy manager is a person who has an energy manager’s license issued under this law and who is appointed by the system obligor. Based on the Law on Energy Efficiency and Rational Use of Energy, the Rulebook on the appointment of energy managers was approved in December 2022.

The term energy manager is relatively rare in Serbia, so the Rulebook enables a clearer understanding of its meaning.

The Rulebook prescribes the necessary conditions for the appointment of energy managers, depending on the type of system obligor and the type of license of the energy manager.

Photo-illustration: Unsplash (American Public Power Association)

Speaking of companies, one manager is appointed for each location, and their license depends on the type of their principal activity. Accordingly, an energy manager license may be required for the industrial or construction energy segment.

When it comes to municipalities, the number of energy managers depends on the population in that municipality and whether a city is comprised of municipalities or not. The number of managers is specifically prescribed for the Belgrade area, and the energy manager must have a public sector energy license in all these cases.

The third type of obligor, which includes authorities and organizations, has to appoint at least one energy manager each. The number may increase depending on whether they submit an annual report on reaching their energy-saving targets for more than 100 buildings or 100,000m². These managers must hold a public sector energy license or a construction energy license.

The energy manager collects and analyzes data on the method of energy use by the system obligor and participates in drafting the energy efficiency plan and programme. Also, the energy manager proposes energy efficiency measures, participates in their implementation and undertakes other activities necessary to achieve energy efficiency. Finally, the manager prepares the Annual Report on the achieved results.

Prepared by: Katarina Vuinac

Read the story in the new issue of the Energy portal Magazine ENERGETIC EFFICIENCY